Pead Survey: A5.023 Christian August, Prince of Waldeck Died: 24.08.1798
Christian August was the son of Prince Karl August of Waldeck and Countess Palatine Christiane Henriette of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. He was born 6th December 1744 in Aroisen which is in northern Hesse, Germany. He was greatly interested in the arts and in antiquity. In 1770 he entered the army as a lieutenant colonel in the 39th Austrian Dragoon Regiment. Within a year he was its Commander. He also fought as a volunteer in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-74 on the side of the Russians. Also in the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-92 under Field Marshal Ernst Gideon von Laudon where he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Field Marshall.
He was subsequently commissioned by Emperor Francis II to plan joint Austro-Prussian operations in the Rhineland. In command of an Austrian Corps he was involved in the victory at Wissembourg in 1793. He took command of the entire Austrian Army on the Rhine in 1794. Also in 1794 he became Quartermaster General of the Austrian Army in the Austrina Netherlands under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and a member of the war council.
In 1797 he was requested to take command of the land army in Portugal with the consent of the Emperor. However, as often happens, his reforms and reconstruction of the army was effectively blocked by certain 'influential individuals'. He died on 24th September 1798 of dropsy of the chest.
He was buried on 28th September 1798, under the magnificent pyramid in the British Cemetery which was commissioned by then Prince Regent of Portugal ( later Dom João VI ). Strangely there is no record in the Burial Register of this date however it may be that separate registers were kept for German burials which no longer are kept in Lisbon, they being in the possession of the German Chaplain resident in the City.
The Following inscription in latin is to be found on his monument tomb. The second letter C in the 6th line is reversed in the actual inscription:
CAROLI. AUGUSTI. FREDERICI
PRINCIPIS WALDECHII CI III. FILIO
QUI VIXIT. AN. LIIII.
DECESS. VIII. KAL. OCTOBR.
LUSITANIAE. PRINCEPS. REGENS
QUI. UT. VIRI. REI. MILITIARIS. PERITISSIMI
EUM A. GERMANIA. VOCAVERAT